感動人心的歷史︰尼古拉斯·溫頓的故事 Sir Nicholas Winton, Nicky’s Children, the Czech Kindertransport ◎Youtube+BBC+紐約時報中文網


1909年5月19日-2015年7月1日:尼古拉斯·溫頓(SIR NICHOLAS GEORGE WINTON)


Sir Nicholas George Winton, MBE, (born 19 May 1909) is a British humanitarian who organized the rescue of 669 mostly Jewish children from German-occupied Czechoslovakia on the eve of the Second World War in an operation later known as the Czech Kindertransport. Winton found homes for them and arranged for their safe passage to Britain. The UK press has dubbed him the “British Schindler”. he humbly kept his efforts a secret, until his wife found scrapbooks about the children in their attic. Winton was Knighted by the Queen of England, who said of Winton: “It’s wonderful that you were able to save so many children.”



Press Association, via Associated Press



尼古拉斯·溫頓(Nicholas Winton)周三於英國梅登黑德市去世,享年106歲。這位英國人曾經在二戰前組織營救行動,讓多數為猶太人的669名兒童逃離捷克斯洛伐克,此項義舉可與奧斯卡‧辛德勒(Oskar Schindler)與勞爾‧瓦倫堡(Raoul Wallenberg)所為並列,但長達半世紀以來,他對自己的善舉緘口不言。




「滑雪板就不必帶了,」這位名為馬丁‧布雷克(Martin Blake)的朋友在電話中建議他。










本名尼古拉斯·喬治·韋特海姆(Nicholas George Wertheim)的溫頓生於1909年5月19日,是魯道夫·韋特海米爾·韋特海姆(Rudolf Wertheimer Wertheim)與妻子芭芭拉的三個孩子之一。他的父母是德國猶太人,但皈依了基督教並改姓溫頓。五十年來他未曾提過有關兒童救援的事情,甚至1948年結婚的丹麥妻子葛蕾特‧吉耶斯托普(Grete Gjelstruop)都未得隻字片語。他們育有三個孩子,分別是尼古拉斯、芭芭拉與羅賓。羅賓在1962年年僅七歲時夭折,溫頓的妻子則在1999年去世。梅登黑德扶輪社表示,溫頓去世時,有女兒芭芭拉與兩位孫子陪伴,但暫時無法對他身後留下哪些家人有完整的了解。

Holocaust ‘hero’ Sir Nicholas Winton dies aged 106

  • 1 July 2015
Media captionSir Nicholas Winton is credited with rescuing 669 Czech children from the Nazis

Sir Nicholas Winton, who organised the rescue of 669 children destined for Nazi concentration camps, has died aged 106.

Sir Nicholas, then a stockbroker, arranged for trains to carry Jewish children out of occupied Prague.

The prime minister described him as a “great man” and the chief rabbi praised his “exceptional courage”.

He died on the anniversary of the departure of a train in 1939 carrying the largest number of children – 241.

His son-in-law Stephen Watson said he died peacefully in his sleep at Wexham Hospital, Slough.

Sir Nicholas brought the children to Britain, battling bureaucracy at both ends, saving them from almost certain death, and then kept quiet about his exploits for a half-century.

He organised a total of eight trains from Prague, with some other forms of transport also set up from Vienna.

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The Englishman who saved children from the Holocaust

Nicholas Winton
Image captionNicholas Winton photographed with one of the children he rescued in 1939
  • Sir Nicholas was born Nicholas Wertheimer in 1909 to Jewish parents
  • By 1938 he was a young stockbroker in London
  • He dropped everything to go to Prague to help Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi occupation
  • Sir Nicholas organised foster families for Jewish children in Britain, placing adverts in newspapers
  • The 669 children travelled on eight trains across four countries
  • Sir Nicholas’s team persuaded British custom officials to allow all the children in despite incomplete documentation

Discover how Nicholas Winton pulled-off such a dangerous escape plan

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The reluctant hero worked to find British families willing to put up £50 to look after the boys and girls in their homes.

Sir Nicholas was knighted by the Queen in March 2003. His work has been likened to that of the “saviour” of Jewish prisoners Oskar Schindler, however it was a comparison he was not particularly fond of.

The Rotary Club of Maidenhead, of which Sir Nicholas was former president, said his daughter Barbara and two grandchildren were at his side when he died.

As a six-year-old, former Labour MP, Lord Dubs, was one of the children who was put on a train out of Czechoslovakia

He paid an emotional tribute to his rescuer as “just one of those very special human beings”

“The real fact is that he was a man who saved my life and a lot of us who came on the Kindertransport owe him an enormous debt.

“His legacy is that when there is a need for you to do something for your fellow human beings, you have got to do it,” he said.

‘Moral courage’

His son Nick said of his father’s legacy: “It is about encouraging people to make a difference and not waiting for something to be done or waiting for someone else to do it.

“It’s what he tried to tell people in all his speeches and in the book written by my sister.”

Media caption‘British Schindler’ Winton was reunited with rescued children on That’s Life in 1988

Prime Minister David Cameron paid tribute to Sir Nicholas, tweeting: “The world has lost a great man. We must never forget Sir Nicholas Winton’s humanity in saving so many children from the Holocaust.”

Daniel Taub, Israel’s ambassador to the UK, said: “He was a hero of our time, having saved 669 Jewish children from the Nazi regime. His legacy, as a point of light in an era of darkness, will forever be remembered”.

Last year, Sir Nicholas was awarded the Order of The White Lion by Czech president Milos Zeman.

Michael Zantovsky, Ambassador of the Czech Republic to the United Kingdom, who was a close friend described him as “a positive man who radiated good”.

“It was incredibly moving to be present at some of the gatherings of him with his so-called children and the children of his children. They all owe their existence to him.”

‘Unfailing courtesy’

Former prime minister Gordon Brown described Sir Nicholas as “a real hero of our times”.

“Anyone who had the privilege of meeting him immediately felt admiration, respect and were in awe of his courage.

“That courage led him to risk his life to save the lives of some of the most vulnerable people. His inspiration will live on,” he said.

Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis praised Sir Nicholas’ “exceptional courage, selflessness and modesty”.

“He lived to see thousands of descendants of those whose lives he saved who were proud to call themselves members of his family, and who were inspired by his example to undertake outstanding charitable, humanitarian and educational initiatives,” he said.

“I knew him to be a gentleman of unfailing old-world courtesy, with a warm heart and a ready self-deprecating wit.”

Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sacks, who was Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth from 1991 to 2013, called Sir Nicholas a “giant of moral courage” and “one of the heroes of our time”.

“Our sages said that saving a life is like saving a universe. Sir Nicholas saved hundreds of universes,” he said.

The Refugee Council tweeted: “Very sad to hear the news of the passing of Sir Nicholas Winton. He was an amazing man who saved many lives.”

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