自由之家報告批中國對言論自由限制日益嚴重+Attacks on the Record:  The State of Global Press Freedom, 2017–2018 ◎VOA+Freedom House 2018-04-26

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自由之家報告批中國對言論自由限制日益嚴重


自由之家
自由之家

致力於民主政治及人權研究的非政府組織“自由之家”4月25日發布報告說,新聞自由在全世界範圍內正在面臨新的威脅。

該報告指出,無論是在民主國家還是專制政權之下,主要傳統媒體的獨立性被削弱之後,當局開始把注意力轉移到社交媒體等新媒體。

報告特別指出,中國2017年6月開始實施的新網絡安全法限製網絡交流和VPN的使用,使中國的網絡審查和監督達到了新高度。許多博客作家和社交媒體用戶因為在網上發表批判性言論或試圖發表關於人權的信息而被抓並被判刑。



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自由之家名為《記錄在案的攻擊:全球新聞自由狀況2017-2018》的報告稱,中國去年生效的“網絡安全法”等一系列法律令中國對言論自由限制達到了前所未有的程度。

自由之家主席阿布拉莫維說,“民粹主義領袖現在對開放社會的言論自由製造新的、不斷增長的挑戰,來自俄羅斯和中國的干預使威脅更加惡化。對新聞自由的攻擊是對民主的精髓的攻擊。試圖詆毀事實和關鍵報導的民選領袖是在傷害民主的可信度和合理的政治辯論。”

 Attacks on the Record:
The State of Global Press Freedom, 2017–2018

Washington  –  April 25, 2018 —  Press freedom is facing new threats in major democracies as well as in repressive states, where authorities are focusing their efforts on social media and other online platforms after reducing the independence of major print and broadcast outlets.

“Populist leaders today constitute a new and growing challenge to free expression in open societies, and interference from Russia and China has compounded the threat,” said Michael J. Abramowitz, president of Freedom House. “The assault on press freedom is an attack against a core institution of democracy. Elected leaders who try to discredit factual, critical reporting are undermining democratic accountability and reasoned political debate.”

In advance of World Press Freedom Day, Freedom House compiled information from its most recent Freedom in the WorldFreedom on the Net, and Nations in Transit research projects and from its in-country programs. Entitled Attacks on the Record: The State of Global Press Freedom, the analysis shows that media independence is under pressure in every region of the world, but also that dedicated journalists are still playing a vital role in even the most hostile environments.

While journalists face harassment and arrest in a growing number of countries, their work remains crucial in forcing leaders to answer for their abuses. From South Africa to Russia, courageous reporters have defied powerful interests to bring stories to the public, enabling their audiences to take action. “A free press allows citizens to hold their governments to account and, when necessary, to bring about real change,” Abramowitz said.

View the full report here: https://freedomhouse.org/report/special-reports/attacks-record-state-global-press-freedom-2017-2018 

Freedom House is an independent watchdog organization that supports democratic change, monitors the status of freedom around the world, and advocates for democracy and human rights.



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