美國「新加州」宣布獨立! 打算成為美國第51州 ◎自由時報+雅虎奇摩+USA Today 2018-01-17

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美國「新加州」宣布獨立! 打算成為美國第51州

由於稅賦超收、法規繁多等問題,加州多數鄉村郡當地時間週一宣布獨立,打算成立「新加州」。(圖擷自維基百科)

2018-01-17 自由時報

〔即時新聞/綜合報導〕受夠了!由於稅賦超收、法規繁多等問題,加州(California)多數鄉村郡當地時間週一宣布獨立,打算成立「新加州」(New California),讓富裕的沿海地區留在加州。

綜合美媒報導,「新加州」創使人普雷斯頓(Robert Paul Preston)和里德(Tom Reed)表示,既然發表了「獨立宣言」,就算是邁出獨立的第一步。他們進一步批評,「失控太久了,我們(指鄉村郡地區)面臨高稅率、糟糕的教育、惡劣的商業環境,另外還有激進的社會意識形態…」

該運動呼籲讓鄉村郡組成「新加州」,至於沿海較富裕的地區則留在加州,從此分道揚鑣、各走各的路。不過他們強調,不會讓新加州離開美國,只想成為美國第51州。

報導指出,新加州獨立派很實際,將會照規則進行,將仿效西維吉尼亞州,援引美國憲法第4條第3款,並與州立法機關合作,完成一切法律程序。

此次的「新加州運動」類似2014年的「6個加州」計畫,該計畫打算把將加州劃分為6個地區性州,但當時運動沒有獲得足夠的連署,因此無法進入投票階段。

「新加州」宣布獨立 要成為美國第51州

大多由加州鄉村郡組成的「新加州」15日宣布獨立,決定讓富裕的沿海郡留在加州,希望能擺脫稅賦超收、法規繁多等問題。媒體報導指出,他們衷心希望,最後能與沿海的加州郡分道揚鑣,各走各的。不過,他們並不想脫離美國,只想成為美國第51州。

(取自newcaliforniastate網站)

綜合哥倫比亞廣播公司(CBS)與今日美國報(USA TODAY)等媒體報導,「新加州」創建人表示,他們發表了發表了獨立宣言,就算是邁出獨立的第一步。創建人之一的普萊斯頓(Robert Paul Preston)說,「哎,長久以來早就失控了。高稅率、糟糕的教育、惡劣的商業環境,還有激進的社會意識形態…。」另一名創建人李德(Tom Reed)說,他們在獨立自主前,必須先證明能管好自己。

媒體報導指出,新加州獨立派很實際,一切都會按照規矩,他們將仿效西維吉尼亞州,援引美國憲法第4條第3款,並與州立法機關合作,完成一切法律程序。

儘管困難重重,又面對各方懷疑的眼光,新加州創建人團結一心,堅持要實現建州夢。

目前他們已有委員會和郡議會代表,而在全心投入州立法前,大約需要10到18個月的時間準備。

New California declares ‘independence’ from California in bid to become 51st state

The founders of New California took an early step toward statehood Monday with the reading of their own Declaration of Independence from California, a state they describe as “ungovernable.”

Their solution: Take over most of current-day California — including many rural counties — and leave the coastal urban areas to themselves.

“The current state of California has become governed by a tyranny,” the group, led in part by vice chairman Robert Paul Preston, declared in a document published online.

The split would look something like this, per the group:

“After years of over taxation, regulation, and mono-party politics the State of California and many of it’s 58 Counties have become ungovernable,” the group said in a statement, citing a “decline in essential basic services” including education, law enforcement, infrastructure and health care.

The group, organized with a council of county representatives and various committees, hopes to model their split after the state of West Virginia. That’s according to CBS, whose Sacramento affiliate filmed the reading in a sparsely crowded conference room.

Claiming the authority of Article 4, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution, the aspiring 51st state plans to convince California’s legislature to split the state before submitting the resolution to Congress.

The effort remains, to be clear, a long shot.

A California venture capitalist named Tim Draper sought in 2014 to split the Golden State into six parts, including the “State of Silicon Valley.” It failed to make the ballot.

New California’s work with regular California’s state legislature won’t likely start in earnest until later this year or early next year, organizers told CBS.

“We have to demonstrate that we can govern ourselves before we are allowed to govern,” Tom Reed, a founder, told the network.

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