Taiwan was never part of China ◎ Bruce Jacobs(家博) /Taipei Times 2016-01-06+中文解析 by bomb01

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Taiwan was never part of China

By Bruce Jacobs

Third, both regimes relied on oppression for about 25 years. Under the Chiangs, the period of oppression became to be known as the White Terror era.

Fourth, owing to international and domestic circumstances, both regimes “liberalized” after about a quarter of a century. The liberalization under “Taisho democracy” allowed public discussion in Japan, which began to influence Japan’s colonial policies in Taiwan and led to the appointment of civilian governors from 1919 to 1936. While police repression continued, the period saw many Taiwanese, often in cooperation with liberal Japanese, engage in political movements.



Similarly, under the KMT, in the early 1970s, following the Republic of China’s ouster from the UN, through the Diaoyutai movement, the activities of The Intellectual Magazine and the appointment of Chiang Ching-kuo as premier, Taiwan began to liberalize.

Fifth, as both regimes came under pressure, they again stepped up repression. Under Japanese rule, the repression came with World War II, the appointment of military governors in 1936 and the push toward assimilation under the kominka movement. Under Chiang Ching-kuo’s rule, repression reappeared following the Kaohsiung Incident on Dec. 10, 1979.

Finally, both regimes forced their own languages on Taiwanese as part of their plans to turn them into second-class Japanese or Chinese.

Therefore, Taiwan has never been a part of China. Any attempt to appease Beijing by promulgating the “one China” framework would only increase China’s appetite to “swallow” Taiwan and impose a dictatorship over the nation, just as it is doing in Hong Kong.

Taiwan must refuse the false historical claims made by China, Chiang Kai-shek and Chiang Ching-kuo. The Chinese Communist Party and the KMT have said that Taiwan had belonged to China in 1942. This claim was false then and it is false today.

Taiwan is a middle power with a vibrant democracy, an advanced economy and a substantial military. It should be supported by the world’s democratic nations, such as the US, Canada, Japan, India, Australia and New Zealand, as well as European nations to maintain its sovereign status.

Third, both regimes relied on oppression for about 25 years. Under the Chiangs, the period of oppression became to be known as the White Terror era.

Fourth, owing to international and domestic circumstances, both regimes “liberalized” after about a quarter of a century. The liberalization under “Taisho democracy” allowed public discussion in Japan, which began to influence Japan’s colonial policies in Taiwan and led to the appointment of civilian governors from 1919 to 1936. While police repression continued, the period saw many Taiwanese, often in cooperation with liberal Japanese, engage in political movements.

Similarly, under the KMT, in the early 1970s, following the Republic of China’s ouster from the UN, through the Diaoyutai movement, the activities of The Intellectual Magazine and the appointment of Chiang Ching-kuo as premier, Taiwan began to liberalize.

Fifth, as both regimes came under pressure, they again stepped up repression. Under Japanese rule, the repression came with World War II, the appointment of military governors in 1936 and the push toward assimilation under the kominka movement. Under Chiang Ching-kuo’s rule, repression reappeared following the Kaohsiung Incident on Dec. 10, 1979.

Finally, both regimes forced their own languages on Taiwanese as part of their plans to turn them into second-class Japanese or Chinese.

Therefore, Taiwan has never been a part of China. Any attempt to appease Beijing by promulgating the “one China” framework would only increase China’s appetite to “swallow” Taiwan and impose a dictatorship over the nation, just as it is doing in Hong Kong.

Taiwan must refuse the false historical claims made by China, Chiang Kai-shek and Chiang Ching-kuo. The Chinese Communist Party and the KMT have said that Taiwan had belonged to China in 1942. This claim was false then and it is false today.

Taiwan is a middle power with a vibrant democracy, an advanced economy and a substantial military. It should be supported by the world’s democratic nations, such as the US, Canada, Japan, India, Australia and New Zealand, as well as European nations to maintain its sovereign status.

Bruce Jacobs is an emeritus professor of Asian languages and studies at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia.



澳洲學者出新書呼籲全世界告訴中國「台灣從不屬於你」,他舉出過去300年歷史就是最強證據!

[bomb01]

[2017-12-15 12:49:38]

畢業於美國哥倫比亞大學的澳洲學者「家博」(Bruce Jacob)研究台灣文化歷史多年,近日也針對台灣獨立意識做出深入研究,並出版了《轉變中的台灣認同》(Changing Taiwanese Identity)一書。書中,他指出以歷史來看,台灣其實「從不屬於中國」,而且所有的民主國家都應該認識這一點!

家博在近日的華盛頓智庫全球檯灣研究所演講中指出,台灣人提高認同感這件事非常重要,因為以歷史來看,台灣從來不是中國的一部份,「我認為決策者需要知道這一點,包括亞洲和全世界的民主國家都應該告訴中國:『台灣不屬於你。』中國說台灣屬於它,但實際上台灣不屬於它,歷史也說,台灣不屬於中國。」

他舉證道,台灣在1624至1988年這300多年期間歷經了荷蘭、西班牙、鄭氏家族、滿清帝國、日本及國民黨專制政權等6個外來殖民政權統治,但從來沒有被中國統治過。」

他解釋道,明鄭時期的政權並不代表明朝,而後來的滿清政府也不代表「中國」。當時在滿清的統治下,中國和台灣都隸屬於滿清的殖民地,所以1867年美國駐廈門領事李仙得(Charles W. Le Gendre)跟台灣要簽通商條約,也是找台灣原住民首領簽約,而非找中國的代表。

他也表示台灣在過去的殖民統治下,長時間都被視為「次等公民」,且要求只能講國語和日語。直到解嚴後,社會才變得比較開放及自由化,也讓本土意識逐漸提高。

但家博也強調「自由化不等於民主化」,對台灣本土意識的真正追求,要等到台灣有真正的民主選舉後才算鬆綁。根據統計,人民之後認同自己是「台灣人」的意識不斷提高,而且在國民黨馬英九總統在任時達到了最高點,這點讓他覺得十分有趣。

家博表示,在先前川普對於「一中政策」產生質疑後,台灣也中國的關係也被外媒更加關注。前美國國務院亞太副助卿薛瑞福(Randall Schriver)也提醒川普,不要覆誦中國官方對台灣「自古以來就是中國一部份」的說法,因為在經歷三次政黨輪替後,台灣人對自我的認同越來越強。據凱達格蘭基金會最新的統計,目前就有超過8成的民眾認為自己是「台灣人」,而非中國人。

台灣跟中國的關係一直持續在變化,作為在島嶼上土生土長的人,對自己是台灣人的認同也會更強烈。大家又是否同意這位澳洲學者的看法呢?



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